This article discusses the educational gap between the rich kids and the rest of the kids. Reardon points out that rather than race, which was the most popular factor that educators have been using to research the differences of scores on standardized tests, family income was recently found to be a better indicator of a child, a student’s future success not only in test scores, but overall in getting into highly selective postsecondary education. Reardon believes, with some backing with his own research and statistics of several economists, that the differences between the rich kids and the rest lie in the preparation for kindergarten, in the early childhood stages. While the rich have the income to pay for enrichment resources before preschool and during the summer, the kids of the others who aren’t as financially blessed, don’t have the opportunities. So, Reardon attempts at a solution to bridge this gap between educational attainment between the rich kids and the poor kids that does not rely on the financial aspects of the family. And the solution is yet again more business and government support, and this time for longer maternity and paternity leave so that the parents can spend time with their kids. Turns out, spending time doesn’t only make kids happier, it’ll make them smarter.
Another point from the article I would like to bring up is Reardon’s mention of the theme of the American Educational Research Association’s annual meeting: Can schools provide children a way out of poverty? It seems, according to Reardon’s conclusion that the way out of poverty will be a side result of children being well prepared in their early childhood, considering the government and businesses do their share of compromising. The historical establishment of schooling, in a perverse way, can seem ironic, since schooling was established to keep children out of the job market. But it seems that young adults are needed to be another line of income for the family. School, postsecondary school specifically, seems more expensive and profitable to the ones who run the school. By achieving a degree, young adults are trying to rebuild the vanishing middle class, yet no jobs are to be found for recent graduates, at least none that are found specifically with their degree sometimes. In fact, it’s not just poverty students and recent graduates have to worry about, it’s the cancerous debt that just won’t disappear, no matter how much you cut out. So, is schooling the key to end poverty for children? Currently, not, but hopefully the government will make step towards facing the growing income gap, the inequalities that people are facing, and a better restriction on corporations that exploit those who need work.