The racial structure of the prison population in the United States is very different from the population as a whole. If people are worried about inequality in America today, I think this deserves more attention and discussion. Racial inequality in the criminal justice system gets ignored because it doesn’t affect most people. In 2010 over 1.6 million people where in state and federal prisons within the United States. So 497 out of every 100,000 Americans were in jail, about half of 1 percent, less than 1 percent. It doesn’t seem very large, but when it comes to separate that population by race we recognize that the personal effects of criminal justice system are very unequally shared throughout our society. Whites make up 4 percent of the total population but only 31 percent of the incarcerated population. Blacks represent 14 percent of society but 36 percent of the prison population. Hispanics are 16 percent of American but 24 percent of the American prison population. Less than 1 in 100 Americans are currently in jail, but for some races, genders, and age groups, that ratio is a lot larger. For example, if you’re young, black and male, it’s closer to about one in four. That means you’d have a higher probability of going to jail than of getting married or going to college, just as we read in the article of Western et al. These results are unequal and problematic, as poor black communities lack so many of their members. But what can be done? The causes of this trend are indeed complicated, but there is reason to suggest that part of the blame is our criminal justice system itself. In the ways police officers enforce laws, in the ways that laws are written and prosecuted, and more. In many cases it is not overt racism by individual actors; many police officers prosecutors and judges are undoubtedly trying to be unfair and trying to do the right thing. But economics can explain how unequal enforcement of the criminal law happens anyways. The formal laws surrounding drug prohibition, for example, are written as if to be colored blind, but people with different levels of wealth face different costs and benefits to participating in the drug trade. Different groups consume different drugs at different rates, and lastly, those groups are politically represented in very different quantities. Thus they are arrested and incarcerated at very different rates states Daniel Amico.
In this video, the People in charge state that they do not choose their inmates, their inmates chose them. They say that the inmate’s actions are what have them incarcerated. This video gives a brief description of some rates of prisoner’s by race from different states because they claim that racial inequality varies by state. Everyone has different laws. What may not be legal in California may be legal in Florida. Racial inequality will never end in the United States stated one of the spokesman in the video. Racial inequality is a broad variable and only one as an individual can determine that because the government is run by the people.